The Centre for Research in HIV and AIDS promotes scholarly writing, broadly related to HIV in Context. It does this through encouraging people to publish, especially arising from the Centre's symposia and the work undertaken in its projects - and through holding writing retreats where various resources and support is available - not least of which is uninterrupted time. As a virtual centre, the CRHA aims to catalyse and make visible UWC's publications and resources related to HIV and its determinants. Some, listed below, are produced directly as a result of projects and scholarship funded by the CRHA; others are produced by researchers at SOPH and other departments at the University of the Western Cape.

Working papers

The HIV-in-Context Working Papers seek and contribute to engage scholarship and debate that understands and addresses HIV in context. They include a range of genres, from state-of-the-art reviews of the literature to theoretical or methodological think pieces to reflect and experimental contributions from scholars, educators, practitioners, activists and policy makers. The opinions expressed in the Working Papers are those of the authors alone.


HIV-in-Context Working Paper No.1:

Doherty T, Jackson D, Sanders D, Zarowsky C. 2010.  "HIV and Health Systems in Southern Africa". School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape.

HIV-in-Context Working Paper No.2:

Shefer T. 2010. Intersections of gender & HIV: Overview and critical reflection on new directions. Women and Gender Studies, University of the Western Cape.

HIV-in-Context Working Paper No.3:

Shamu S. March 2010. Health Systems, Public Health  and Research Capacity Strengthening in South Africa: Ongoing Literature Search and Review.

HIV-in-Context Working Paper No. 4:
Shamu S. March 2010. Gender and Education: Human capacity search. School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape.

Ager A & Zarowsky C. 2013. Addressing Complexity and Political Economy in Health Research Capacity Strengthening:  Independent Researchers working to Institutional and National Development Agendas in an Era of Globalization of Knowledge.  Working Paper: UWC-SOPH Learning about Research Capacity Strengthening Series, June 2013.


Journal articles


Aransiola JO & Zarowsky C. 2014. Street children, human security and human trafficking in Nigeria: Competing discourses of vulnerability and danger. African Population Studies, Mar 2014 ,27(2), Supplement on Nigeria Population and Development Issues.


Aransiola JO, Imoyera W, Olowookere SO & Zarowsky C. 2014. Living well with HIV in Nigeria?  Stigma and survival challenges preventing optimum benefit from an ART clinic. Global Health Promotion. Published online 25 February 2014 DOI: 10.1177/1757975913507297.


Lerebo WT, Callens S, Jackson D, Zarowsky C & Temmerman M. 2014. Identifying factors associated with the uptake of prevention of mother to child HIV transmission programme in Tigray region, Ethiopia: A multilevel modeling approach. BMC Health Services Research 2014; 14:181 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-181.


Omenka C & Zarowsky C. 2013. No-one knows what will happen after these five years: Narratives of ART, access and agency in Nigeria. Global Health Promotion. 20 Supp 1:45-50 DOI: 10.1177/1757975912462422.


Shamu S, Abrahams N, Temmerman M, Shefer T, Zarowsky C. 2012. “That pregnancy can bring noise into the family”: Exploring intimate partner sexual violence during pregnancy in the context of HIV in Zimbabwe. PLoS ONE; 7(8):e43148. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043148.


Shamu S, Abrahams M, Zarowsky C, Shefer T, Temmerman M. 2013. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy in Zimbabwe:  A Cross-sectional study of prevalence, predictors, and associations with HIV. Tropical Medicine & International Health. doi:10.1111/tmi.12078.


Shamu S, Abrahams N, Temmerman M & Zarowsky C (2013): Opportunities and obstacles to screening pregnant women for intimate partner violence during antenatal care in Zimbabwe. Culture, Health & Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention and Care, DOI:10.1080/13691058.2012.759393.


Shamu S , Abrahams N , Temmerman M , Musekiwa A & Zarowsky C. A systematic review of African studies on intimate partner violence against pregnant women: Prevalence and risk factors. PLos ONE 2011;6(3) e17951 21408120 


Uwimana J, Zarowsky C, Hausler H, Swanevelder S, Tabana H & Jackson D. 2013. Community-based intervention to enhance provision of integrated T-HIV and PMTCT services in South Africa. Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis. 17Oct 2013; (10 Suppl 1):48-55. doi:10.5588/ijtld.13.0173.


Uwimana J, Zarowsky C, Hausler H, Jackson D. (2012) Engagement of non-government organisations and community care workers in collaborative TB/HIV activities including prevention of mother to child transmission in South Africa: Opportunities and challenges. BMC Health Services Research. 2012; 12:233. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-233.


Uwimana J, Jackson D, Hausler H, Zarowsky C. Health system barriers to implementation of collaborative TB and HIV activities including prevention of mother to child transmission in South Africa. Trop Med Int Health, May2012; 17(5):658-65. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3156.2012.02956.x.


Uwimana J, Zarowsky C, Hausler H & Jackson D. 2012. Training community care workers to provide comprehensive TB/HIV/PMTCT integrated care in KwaZulu-Natal: Lessons learnt. Trop Med Int Health. Apr 2012; 17(4):488-96. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2011.02951.x. Epub 2012 Feb 1.


Yaya Bocoum F, Kouanda S, Zarowsky C. 2014. Barriers to antenatal syphilis screening in Burkina Faso. Pan African Medical Journal, 18 January 2014; 17 Supp (1:12).


Zarowsky C, Haddad S, Nguyen V-K. 2013. Beyond “vulnerable groups”: Dynamics and contexts of vulnerability. Global Health Promotion 20 Supp 1:3-9 DOI: 10.1177/1757975912470062.


Book chapters


Zarowsky C, Lees J & Temmerman M. 2014. The University, HIV and Building a Better Society. Chapter 4. In Tapscott C, Slembrouck S,  Pokpas L, Ridge E & Ridge S (eds)  Dynamics of Building a Better Society. Reflections on ten years of development cooperation and capacity building.   The University of the Western Cape/Stellenbosch: SUN MeDIA: pp73-91. ISBN 978-0-620-59631-2.




Reports from the annual HIV in Context symposia held at the School of Public health, UWC, are as follows:


The 2nd Annual "HIV In Context" Research Symposium: March 2010.

Public health in the age of HIV: Reflections and Redirections


The 3rd Annual "HIV In Context" Research Symposium: March 2011.

New research in gender, violence and HIV.


The 4th Annual "HIV In Context" Research Symposium: March 2012.

Building an AIDS-free South Africa: The classroom and beyond.


Briefing Papers


Learning about Research Capacity Strengthening: Reflections on Challenges, Strategies and Culture - satellite symposium at Forum 2012 (COHRED/GFHR), Cape Town 23 April 2012. briefing papers


Publications from the project: Human Capacity Development to address HIV/AIDS in South Africa


The publications listed here have been produced either during the CDC-funded project or in relation to it.


Journal articles


De Oliveira T, Shafer RW, Seebregts C, Jackson D & Zarowsky C. 2010. Public Database for HIV drug resistance in Southern Africa. Correspondence to Nature April 2010; 464(1): 673. Full author list at


Gibson D. 2011. Ambiguities in the making of an African medicine: Clinical trials of Sutherlandia frutescens (L.) R.Br 1(Lessertia frutescens). African Sociological Review/Revue Africaine de Sociologie; 15(1):123-136.


Goedhals D, Rossouw I, Hallbauer U, Mamabolo M & De Oliveira T. 2012. The tainted milk of human kindness. The Lancet 18 August 2012; 380.


Leon N, Daviaud E, Schneider H. Applying a framework for assessing the health system challenges to scaling up mHealth in South Africa. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2012; 12:123.


Lessells RJ, Katzenstein DK & De Oliveira T. 2012. Are subtype differences important in HIV drug resistance? Current Opinion in Virology; 2:1–8.


Manasa J, Katzenstein D, Cassol S, Newell ML, De Oliveira T. 2012. Primary drug resistance in South Africa - data from 10 years of surveys. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 28(00).


Martinson N, et al (incl H. Hausler) 2011. New regimens to prevent TB in adults with HIV Infection. The New England Journal of Medicine, 7 July 2011; 365(1).


Mbombo N & Bimerew M. 2012.  Integrating PMTCT competencies into nursing curriculum: Methodological lessons from a university based undergraduate programme, Curationis; 35(1), Art. #12,


Murrell B, De Oliveira T, Seebregts C, Kosakovsky-Pond SL, Scheffler K, on behalf of SATuRN. 2012. Modeling HIV-1 Drug Resistance as Episodic Directional Selection. PLoS Comput Biol, 8(5):e1002507. [2012]


Oloyede, O. 2010. Epistemological issues in the making of an African medicine. African Sociological Review; 14(2):74-85.


Oloyede, O. 2012. An exploration of the philosophy and environment of a South African randomized, double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial. African Sociological Review/Revue Africaine de Sociologie; 15(1):109-123.


Preiser R, Struthers P, Mohamed S, Cameron N, Lawrence E. [date] External stakeholders and Health Promoting Schools: Complexity and practice in South Africa. Health Education; 14 (4): 260-270.


Schneider H, Lehmann U. 2010. Lay health workers and HIV programmes: Implications for health systems. AIDS Care, 2010; 22 (Suppl 1):60-7.


Sonn B, Santens A & Ravau S. 2011. Hearing Learner Voice in health promoting schools through participatory action research. Perspectives in Education, 2011; 29(1).


Book chapters

Gibson, D and Killian, S. (2013) The making of Sutherlandia as medicine. In L. Green and H. Verran (eds.) Contested ecologies. Dialogues in the south on nature and knowledge. HSRC Press. ISBN: 978-07969-2428-5




Lehmann U, Matwa P, Schneider H & Colvin C. 2009. A Map of community care giver programme practices in provincial health departments. Report to the Health Systems Sub-committee of the South National Aids Council (SANAC). Cape Town: UWC/IDEU.


Leon N & Schneider H. 2012. MHealth4CBS in South Africa. A Review of the role of mobile phone technology for monitoring and evaluation of Community Based Health Services.


Nkosi B, Schneider H, Lehmann U & Morrell P. 2012. Annotated bibliography of literature on community health workers in low and middle income countries: 1996-2011.


Nxumalo N, Choonara S. 2014. Rapid assessment of PHC Outreach teams in Gauteng Sedibeng District, Emfuleni Sub-District.


SANAC Symposium Steering Committee. 2011. Recommendations from the Symposium: ‘Building Partnerships to Implement Community-based Health Services in Primary Health Care’ 20 – 22 September 2011.


Schneider H, Tabana H, Orgill M, et al. 2013. Evaluation of early implementation of ward based PHC outreach teams in the North West Province.


Report: Health Promoting Schools Conference 2009: Addressing health priorities in schools, Exploring strategies and experiences in classrooms and schools, University of the Western Cape, 2009.


Struthers P. Health Promoting Schools Symposium 2014: Strengthening schools as centres of care and support for teaching and learning.


WHO ResNet including - Jordan MR, Barcarolo J, Parkin N, de Oliveira T. 2012. WHO HIV Drug Resistance Report 2012. Geneva: WHO. (ISBN 978 92 4 150393 8:)




Perceptions of Community Leaders of the Role of Sports Participation in Dealing with Psychosocial Problems amongst Adolescents in a Rural Area - Heinrich Neil Benjamin


A doctoral thesis is being written linked to the evaluation of the project: Mohamed S, An assessment of the factors influencing the development of health promoting schools: A case study of three secondary schools in a historically disadvantaged community in Cape Town.




UWC health Promoting Schools Project, TB and HIV/AIDS - 2011 - April


Saturn  - Southern  Africa  Treatment  and  Resistance - Newsletters - 2012  1  2  3  4

Saturn  - Southern  Africa  Treatment  and  Resistance - Newsletters - 2013  1  2  3  

Saturn  - Southern  Africa  Treatment  and  Resistance - Newsletters - 2014  1